A non-inflammatory degenerative disease of the eye in which the cornea thins and takes on a conical shape. Keratoconus can lead to severe visual disturbances. Most often, patients complain of photophobia, double vision, image dirt. The disease is the most common form of corneal dystrophy. Keratoconus affects about one in a thousand people, regardless of nationality or place of residence. The diagnosis is usually made in adolescence, and the course of the disease reaches its most severe stage at the age of twenty or thirty.

Until now, keratoconus remains a little studied disease, the causes of its appearance are unclear and also it is not possible to predict the course of disease after diagnosis.With the development of keratoconus in both eyes, a person can lose the ability to drive a car and even read printed texts in a traditional font. Almost never keratocon leads to complete blindness and, in most cases, the vision can be significantly improved by contact lenses.If the disease progresses in a more severe stage, surgery may be necessary.Leaving a mystery for physicians, keratoconus is no longer a problem for equally serious patients as it was before developing therapy methods, contact correction and microsurgical appearance.

Keratoconus can lead to severe visual disturbances. Most often, patients complain of photophobia, double vision, image dirt.
What are the risk factors for keratoconus?
  • Genetics. Patients with a family history of keratoconus or certain systemic disorders, such as Down syndrome, have a higher risk of developing keratoconus.

  • Chronic inflammation of the eyes.Constant inflammation from allergies or irritants can contribute to the destruction of corneal tissue which can lead to the development of keratoconus.

  • Rubbing the eyes. Chronic rubbing of the eyes is associated with the development of keratoconus. It can also be a risk factor for disease progression

  • Age.Keratoconus is often discovered during adolescence. In general, young people with advanced keratoconus are more likely to need surgery as the disease progresses.

What are keratoconus symptoms?

Many keratocon patients do not know they have the disease.The most often encountered symptom is a slight blur of vision or poor progressive view that is not easy to correction.

Other keratocon symptoms include:

  • Shine and halos around the lights
  • Difficulty seeing the night
  • Eye irritation or headache associated with eye pain
  • Increased sensitivity to strong light
  • The sudden worsening or vision disorder

  • How is keratoconus diagnosed?
  • The topography of the cornea.This is the most accurate way to diagnose early keratoconus and to track its progression.A computerized image is taken that creates a map of the cornea curve.
  • Exam with slot lamp.This examination of the cornea can help detect abnormalities in the external and medium-sized cornea layers.
  • Pahimetry.This test is used to measure the thinnest areas of the cornea.
  •  keratoconus The most common symptom is mild blurred vision or poor progressive vision, which is not easy to correct.