Cataracts are a common eye condition that causes a progressive decrease in vision through loss of lens transparency.
Cataracts can be congenital or acquired. Studies show that approximately 70% of people over the age of 65 suffer from this condition, but there are cases in which this condition can be found in younger people.
It can form on any of the three layers of the lens: the capsule, the cortex or the nucleus. On the other hand, cataracts found in the cortical or nuclear areas are associated with old age. The risk of developing cortical cataracts increases with excessive exposure to UV rays.
In the advanced, untreated stages, this condition can cause serious complications. Most of the time, both eyes are affected, and the loss of vision is accompanied by pain. The patient complains of progressive vision loss or blurred vision. It can happen that several types of cataracts develop within the same eye. Sight quality can be favored or disadvantaged, depending on the type of cataract, daylight or diffused light. Changing glasses, countless times, is a futile process in this case, the patient being increasingly dissatisfied with the quality of his vision.
Cataract treatment is exclusively surgical.The ophthalmologist specialist replaces the cataract crystal (opacified) with an artificial one, which can no longer be affected. .
Today's technology is extremely advanced, making cataract surgery only last for a few minutes.It is done with local anesthesia without admission and is not painful.Vision recovery is most often spectacular.
Ultrasound operation (facoemulsification), with a foldable artificial crystalline implant (foldable) is the most modern method of treatment, making it so small that suture (stitch) is not needed.
The treatment of juvenile cataract depends on how it interferes with the normal development of visual sense.In some cases, surgery among people with cataracts is required for another associated ophthalmic pathology, such as diabetic retinopathy or macular degeneration.Also, in some cases, cataracts should be removed by an ophthalmologist specializing in the treatment of retina and optic nerve diseases.